A symbolic class difference is present between the EST's and the CA's supporters, despite their playing at the same stadium. The Esperance Sportive de Tunis (EST), Club Africain (CA), and Stade Tunisien are the major sports clubs in the city. [53] The urban unemployment rate of university graduates is increasing and the illiteracy rate remains high among the elderly (27% of women and 12% of men). The northern end supports the football club of Esperance Sportive de Tunis while at the other end is the rival Club Africain. [38][39] The month of November marks a break in the general heat with average temperatures ranging from 11 °C (52 °F) to 20 °C (68 °F). 2004, 2014 census Population: 10 996 515 • Income group: Middle • Gross national income per capita: US$ 4 200 SAFER ROAD USERS Abu Yahya arrived on horseback, where all of his relatives joined him. [14] In the system of Roman roads for the Roman province of Africa, Tunis had the title of mutatio ("way station, resting place"). However, Tunis remained modestly sized compared to Carthage during this time.[15]. [82] Among other projects are a line to the city of Ennasr (8.4 km) and the extension of the Tunis-Ettadhamen to Mnihla (1.7 km). The governor appointed by Béjaïa, having reestablished order in the country, did not hesitate to free himself from the Hammadids to found the Khurasanid dynasty with Tunis as its capital. The Greater Tunis area has an area of 300,000 hectares, 30,000 of which is urbanized, the rest being shared between bodies of water (20,000 hectares of lakes or lagoons) and agricultural or natural land (250,000 hectares). Population Pyramids: Tunisia - 2006. La démographie de la Tunisie se caractérise par l'uniformité de la population en matière de composantes culturelles ou religieuses. If you live in a developed country, you probably started school at a very young age, where you learned to read and write.Unfortunately, not all nations have this luxury. [84] In the 21st Century, the port of Tunis underwent further transformation with a marina as part of the redevelopment district of La Petite Sicile. Products include textiles, carpets, and olive oil. [85] The capital is home to approximately 40% of the cars in Tunisia, with 700,000 cars on average used in the city per day. [52] The number of people living below the poverty line, falling at the national level, remains higher in urban areas. In 2007 that increased to 6 million passengers with a rise in tourism to the city.[83]. [88] The city further put itself onto the international basketball map as it hosted the FIBA Africa Championship 1965 and the FIBA Africa Championship 1987. All three variations were mentioned by the Greek-Syrian geographer al-Rumi Yaqout in his Mu'jam al-Bûldan (Dictionary of Countries). Both Tunis and Carthage were destroyed; Tunis, however, was rebuilt first[14] under the rule of Augustus and became an important town under Roman control and the center of a booming agricultural industry. Sea breezes may mitigate the heat, but sometimes the sirocco winds reverse the trend. At the beginning of the 18th century, Tunisia entered into a new period in its history with the advent of the Husainid dynasty. But football is not the only discipline to emerge. Tunis was quiet during the First World War. The victory against the corsairs is recorded in a tapestry at the Royal Palace of Madrid. In a very short time, the colonial city transformed rapidly. US Population table by year, historic, and current data. The National Center of the Arts established the puppet theatre in 1976. Tunis is the starting point from which the main roads and all highways that serve different parts of the country of Tunis originate. The Tunisian Symphony Orchestra, created in 1969 by the Minister of Culture, has also produced monthly concerts at the Municipal Theater and in various cultural spaces in the city. In the Ottoman period, four new gates were established: Bab Laassal, Bab Sidi Abdesselam, Bab El Bab Gorjani and Sidi Kacem. As the city has grown and native Tunisians gradually began to replace the extensive European population, conflict between the Arab city and the European city has gradually decreased with the arabization of the population. La population de la Tunisie en 2020 est estimée à 11,82 millions d’habitants. The first took place on 9 June 1907, between teams from Lycée Alaoui and Lycée Carnot (1–1). Chart and table of India population from 1950 to 2021. [85] In this context, major road infrastructure (bridges, interchanges, roads, etc..) was initiated in the late 1990s to decongest the main areas of the capital. Unlike Algiers, Palermo and Naples, its historical heart has never suffered from major natural disasters or urban radical interventions. [64][65], Greeks used to enjoy an important presence in the city since ancient times. [51] As in the rest of Tunisia, literacy in the region of Tunis evolved rapidly during the second half of the 20th century and has reached a level slightly higher than the national average. Furthermore, along the boulevards, the contribution of the architectural period 1850–1950 can be felt in the buildings, such as the government buildings of the nine ministries and the headquarters of the municipality of Tunis. After independence in 1956, Tunis consolidated its role as the capital, first with the establishment of a constitution stating that the Chamber of Deputies and the Presidency of the Republic must have their headquarters in Tunis and its suburbs. The south of Tunis is made up of disadvantaged neighborhoods, especially due to the strong industry in this part of the metropolis. The capital is home to a large number of mosques in various architectural styles, signs of construction of their respective eras. This decision infuriated the Shi'ite caliph Al-Mustansir Billah. [4][5], Another possibility is that it was derived from the Berber verbal root ens which means "to lie down" or "to pass the night". Administrative Division. [52] Tunis attracts foreign investors (33% of companies, 26% of investments and 27% of employment), excluding several areas due to economic imbalances. WHO estimated rate per 100 000 population 24.4 Estimated GDP lost due to road traffic crashes — b General Directorate of the National Guard, Ministry of Interior (data from 2013). Among the high schools in the capital, the best-known are the Lycée de la Rue du Pacha (founded 1900), Lycée Bab El Khadhra, Lycée de la Rue de Russie, Lycée Bourguiba (formerly Lycée Carnot de Tunis), and the Lycée Alaoui. M. Th Houtsma, First Encyclopaedia of Islam: 1913–1936, BRILL, 1987 p.839, Albert Habib Hourani, Malise Ruthven (2002). Cette publication est consacrée à la présentation des premiers résultats du Recensement Général d la Population et de l'Habitat de 2004,d’après l’exploitation d’un échantillon constitué par le 1/5 des questionnaires (soit 22.5%). an increase of the active population from 57% to 64% in 2014Although, the average. A new mass transit was planned for Greater Tunis in 2009. The medina of Tunis has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979. Actuelle de la population, les naissances et les décès aujourd'hui et au cours de l'année, la migration nette et la croissance démographique. But east of the original nucleus, first with the construction of the French Consulate, the modern city was built gradually with the introduction of the French protectorate at the end of the 19th century, on open land between the city and the lake. Cette statistique présente une prévision de l'évolution de la population totale de la Tunisie de 2014 à 2024, en millions d'habitants. Practicing the Maliki rite as the vast majority of Tunisia's Mosques. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. On 18 March 2015, two gunmen attacked the Bardo National Museum and held hostages. [25] During the later 19th century, Tunis became increasingly populated by Europeans, particularly the French, and immigration dramatically increased the size of the city. A naval expedition led by Charles himself was dispatched in 1535, and the city was recaptured. The generally flat terrain and the two main rivers in Tunisia, the Medjerda to the north and the Milian to the south, the soils are fertile. The 2019 population density in Tunisia is 75 people per Km 2 (195 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 155,360 Km2 (59,985 sq. The city retains some of these gates including Bab El Khadra, Bab El Bhar and Bab Jedid but some of the earlier ones have long disappeared. [9] Greek cities contended with Carthage over Sicily,[10] and the Romans fought three wars against Carthage. The population of the city of Tunis exceeds 2,000,000 inhabitants. Urban population growth (annual %) Sources - Qu’est-ce qu’une pyramide des âges? The area became the capital of a powerful kingdom during the Hafsid era, and was considered a religious and intellectual home and economic center for the Middle East, Africa and Europe. Actuelle de la population, les naissances et les décès aujourd'hui et au cours de l'année, la migration nette et la croissance démographique. 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The total length of the network will eventually be in the range of 84 km (52 mi). The ancient city of Carthage is located just north of Tunis along the coastal part. Beyond that, several kilometers north-east, on the road to La Marsa, the Berges du Lac was built on land reclaimed from the north shore of the lake near the airport, which has holds offices of Tunisian and foreign companies, many embassies as well as shops. Various sources estimate the 19th-century population to have ranged from 90,000 to 110,000 inhabitants. In addition, private training institutes include the Open University of Tunis, the Central University Private Business Administration and Technology, the Graduate School of Private Engineering and Technology, and the North African Institute of Economics and Technology. The greater metropolitan area of Tunis, often referred to as "Grand Tunis", has about 2,700,000 inhabitants. Lire la suite. At the beginning of the 20th century, a number of sports institutions were established in Tunis, particularly in school and college settings. After the advent of independence, a museum was built there to relate the details of the national struggle between 1938 and 1952. The present study attempts to delineate the spectrum of beta-thalassemia (thal) mutations in Tunisia by studying a large population from different parts of the country. [73] After being closed for fifteen years, it was turned into a small theater in 1986, and since 2001 has housed the first Arab-African center for theater training and research. A total of 285 unrelated subjects, 190 of whom had beta-thal major, 72 with Hb S/beta-thal, one with Hb C/beta-thal, one with Hb O- … 6- La capitale connaît le plus important flux migratoire, puisqu’elle concentre 20% de la population totale, pour seulement 2% de la superficie totale du pays. During the Almohad and Hafsid periods Tunis was one of the richest and grandest cities in the Islamic world, with a population of about 100,000. When the Arab Muslim troops conquered the region at the end of the 7th century, they established themselves at the outskirts of ancient Tunes, and the small town soon became the city of Tunis that could easily be taken for an Arab foundation. If we add the mosques and oratories (about 200), the madrasahs (El Bachia, Slimania, El Achouria, Bir El Ahjar, Ennakhla, etc..), The zaouias (Mahrez Sidi Sidi Ali Azouz, Sidi Abdel Kader, etc.) It represents, in the 2004 census, 9.9% o the tot population o Tunisie. The average temperatures in the summer months of June, July, August, and September are very high. During each "cultural season" (from October 1 to 30 June) the theater holds over 80 events. From this souk, there is a street leading to the Souk Ech-Chaouachine (chachia). Judaism, meanwhile, enjoys a long tradition of presence in the city despite the emigration of a large part of the community after independence. Taking advantage of divisions within the ruling house, Algerians captured Tunis in 1756 and put the country under supervision. Growth rates are the annual changes in population resulting from births, deaths and … According to the Mercer 2017 Cost of Living Rankings, Tunis has the lowest cost of living for expatriates in the world. The Musical Troupe of the City of Tunis was created in 1954 by Salah El Mahdi. North of the Avenue Bourguiba is the district of La Fayette, which is still home to the Great Synagogue of Tunis and the Habib Thameur Gardens, built on the site of an ancient Jewish cemetery which lay outside the walls. Name Native Status Population Census 2004-04-28 Population Census 2014-04-23; Jemmal [Jammel] Nominal (current) Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Tunisia is $39,952,095,561 (USD) as of 2017.; Real GDP (constant, inflation adjusted) of Tunisia reached $49,633,854,967 in 2017.; GDP Growth Rate in 2017 was 1.96%, representing a change of 951,795,445 US$ over 2016, when Real GDP was $48,682,059,522. On both sides of the tree lines avenue, north and south, the city was extended in various districts, with the northern end welcoming residential and business districts while the south receives industrial districts and poorer peoples. Located near the Bab Souika, the neighborhood of Halfaouine which gained international attention through the film 'Halfaouine Child of the Terraces'. The architectural heritage is also omnipresent in the homes of individuals and small palace officials as well as in the palace of the sovereign of Kasbah. The soils are heavy and contain limestone in the north but are lighter and sandy containing clay in the south. [68] The Rachidia was founded in 1934 to safeguard Arab music, and in particular to promote Tunisian and malouf music. With the development of the capital under the reign of the Hafsids, two emerging suburbs grew outside the walls; Bab El Jazira in the south and Bab Souika to the north. So an annual average increase is estimated to 1.03% relative to the population in 2004 (9 910.9 miles residents). Southwest of the Medina, on the crest of the hills across the Isthmus of Tunis, is the Montfleury district then on down to the foothills of Séjoumi, the poor neighborhood of Mellassine. Nidaa Tounes came second with 17 seats. The people in the city assembled in large numbers to celebrate the festival, in extravagant and most luxurious outfits. A propos . The education level is only exceeded by the neighbouring governorate of Ariana which has many institutions of education. At the periphery are the souks Et Trouk, El Blat, El Blaghgia, El Kébabgia, En Nhas (copper), Es Sabbaghine (dyeing) and El Grana that sell clothing and blankets and was occupied by Jewish merchants. A 60,000-seat stadium was also built in Radès for the Mediterranean Games in 2001 at an estimated cost of 170 million dinars, with nearly half of the loans financed by South Korean businessmen. [66] The park covers an area of more than one hundred hectares across roads that can be explored on foot or by car. Housomeivver, atween 1994 an 2004, the population o the govrenorate o Tunis grew mair nor 1.03% per annum. 7- Sur un total de 262 municipalités à 50.000 habitants, 30 seulement regroupent Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) In the south, below the Chott Djerid (a great salt lake), stretches the Sahara Desert. Tunisia has a highly irregular ... (1,219 m) in elevation. [78] The library moved to its current location on Boulevard 9 April in 1938. Having previously played a minor role behind Kairouan and Mahdia, Tunis was promoted to the rank of provincial capital. It was completely rebuilt in 864 and is a prestigious place of worship, and was long an important place of culture and knowledge with the University of Ez-Zitouna on the premises until the independence of Tunisia. La population tunisienne est estimée à 11,82 millions d’habitants en 2020, contre 9,56 millions en 2000. Tunis was one of the first towns in the region to fall under Carthaginian control, and in the centuries that followed Tunis was mentioned in the military histories associated with Carthage. Tunis holds some of the most prestigious musical institutions in the country. Welcome to the United Nations. From the beginning of the 8th century Tunis was the chef-lieu of the area: it became the Arabs' naval base in the western Mediterranean Sea, and took on considerable military importance. The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population. During this period, the city prospered as a centre of commerce. [70] This group contributed to the rise to stardom of numerous Tunisian singers, including Oulaya. In 1985, the PLO's headquarters was bombed by Israeli Air Force F-15s, killing approximately 60 people. During World War II, Tunis was held by Axis forces from November 1942 to May 1943. Domestic architecture (palaces and townhouses), official and civilian (libraries and administrations), religious (mosques and zaouïas) and services (commercial and fondouks) are located in the Medina. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. Lire la suite. Habib Thameur garden in Tunis has a central pond and flower beds. The concept of ownership is low however and souks often spill out onto public roads. [27] The city expanded and created new boulevards and neighborhoods. The National Military Museum, opened in 1989 in the suburbs west of the city, holds a collection of 23,000 weapons, 13,000 of which date back to the 19th century, and some of which were used by the Tunisian troops during the Crimean War. Overview Migration Activities Movement, Emergency and Post-crisis Migration Management Facilitating Migration Regulating Migration Migration and Development On 14 January 2011, following protests over high unemployment, corruption and widespread poverty, President Ben Ali dismissed the government and fled the country. On the expenditure side, provision is made for the consolidation of hygiene and cleanliness, the state of the environment and urban design, infrastructure maintenance, rehabilitation and renovation of facilities, and strengthening the logistics and means of work and transport.[48]. [63] This includes a network of Catholic buildings, including the Church of St. Joan of Arc, but also with the Protestant Reformed Church and the Anglican church Saint-Georges. In autumn, it begins to rain, often with short thunderstorms, which can sometimes cause flash floods or even flood some parts of the city. The town is an important market, road, and rail junction and is the centre of an irrigated agricultural area. Located in an old beylical palace (the palace of the Bey of Tunis since the end of the 18th century), the Bardo National Museum (Tunis) is the most important archaeological museum in the Maghreb, and has one of the richest Roman mosaic collections in the world. [59] Clothing merchants, perfumers, fruit sellers, booksellers and wool merchants have goods at the souks, while fishmongers, blacksmiths and potters tend to be relegated to the periphery of the markets.[59]. 10 millions 982 mille 754, c'est le nombre d'habitants que compte la Tunisie, y compris les étrangers résidant en Tunisie durant une période de 6 mois au La capitale et la plus grande ville est Tunis. The Association of Arab Orchestra of the City of Tunis began its activities at the end of April 1982, as a workshop linked to the cultural center of the city. East of the medina through the Sea Gate (also known as the Bab el Bhar and the Porte de France) begins the modern city, or Ville Nouvelle, traversed by the grand Avenue Habib Bourguiba (often referred to by media and travel guides as "the Tunisian Champs-Élysées"), where the colonial-era buildings provide a clear contrast to smaller, older structures. : المترو الخفيف لمدينة تونس) and TGM (Tunis-Goulette-Marsa), as well as bus services, and is linked to other places in Tunisia by SNCFT, the national railways. (1984), 1994, 2004, 2014 census, (2019 estimate) All Communes. The city of Tunis, whose size has increased significantly during the second half of the 20th century, now extends beyond the Tunis Governorate into parts of the governorates of Ben Arous, Ariana and Manouba. [15][18] With the rise of the Zirid dynasty Tunis gained importance, but the Sunni population tolerated Shi'ite rule less and less, and carried out massacres against the Shi'ite community. [13] Situated on a hill, Tunis served as an excellent point from which the comings and goings of naval and caravan traffic to and from Carthage could be observed. The souks are a network of covered streets lined with shops and traders and artisans ordered by specialty. (mid-2011 estimates) Below is the area and population of each country. Tunis has some of the most important libraries in Tunisia including the National Library of Tunisia which was first installed in 1924 in the Medina, in a building built in 1810 by Hammouda Bey to serve as barracks for troops and then a jail. It therefore has the highest concentration of students in Tunisia, with a student population of 75,597 as of 2006[update].[77]. On 7 May 1943, at about 15:30 in the afternoon, Tunis fell to troops of British 1st Army and the U.S. 1st Army, which had defeated the German 5th Panzer Army guarding the city. Population Pyramids: Tunisia - 2003. The Métro léger de Tunis network has extended gradually since then to reach the suburbs. Chokri Gharbi, La métamorphose d'une capitale au cœur de la Méditerranée. The Carthage Film Festival is the oldest established film festival in Africa, running biennially until 2014 and annually thereafter. The Spanish governor of La Goulette, Luys Peres Varga, fortified the island of Chikly in the lake of Tunis to strengthen the city's defences between 1546 and 1550. 2004, 2014 census. In addition, unemployment is high in young people aged 18 to 24, with one in three unemployed as compared to one in six at the national level. King Louis easily captured Carthage, but his army soon fell victim to an outbreak of dysentery. Practicing the Hanafi rite since 1584, it is recognisable mainly by the dome as well as its minaret, similar to the Koutoubia in Marrakesh and is the highest in the city. population qui croit doucement : Une augmentation annuelle de la population de 120.000 personnes, ce qui fait qu’entre 1994 et 2004 la population Tunisienne n’a augmenté que de 1.125.000 habitants , soit au total 9.910.872 habitants. On 3 July 2018, the head of the Ennahdha list Souad Abderrahim was elected by the council as the new mayor of the capital. Source: Internet Live Stats (www.InternetLiveStats.com) Elaboration of data by International Telecommunication Union (ITU), World Bank, and United Nations Population Division. [15] Under the Aghlabids, the people of Tunis revolted numerous times,[15] but the city benefited from economic improvements and quickly became the second most important in the kingdom. The Arab geographer El Yacoubi has written that in the 9th century Tunis was surrounded by a wall of brick and clay except the side of the sea where it was stone. Among the places of worship are Beit Yaacouv Synagogue and especially the Great Synagogue of Tunis, built at the end of the 1940s to replace the former Great Synagogue which was demolished as part of the Jewish redevelopment area, the Hara. À l'opposé, le nord-ouest, particulièrement, les gouvernorats du Kef et de Siliana se vident selon le recensement de la population mené en 2004. We do not currently publish estimates of population by ethnicity. miles). Depuis son accession à l'indépendance en 1956, la Tunisie a réalisé cinq recensements de population (1966, 1975, 1984, 1994 et 2004). In total the governorate of Tunis registered 24,095 licences for various clubs in the municipal area in 2007. Only the Bey of Tunis refused to comply, with the result that Blake's fifteen ships attacked the Bey's arsenal at Porto Farina (Ghar el Melh), destroying nine Algerian ships and two shore batteries, the first time in naval warfare that shore batteries had been eliminated without landing men ashore. It belongs to the Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa, and its cathedral, small school and other buildings are in Central Tunis. Imen Haouari, « Pluies torrentielles sur la capitale ». Exposed to violence from the hostile tribes that settled around the city, the population of Tunis repudiated the authority of the Zirids and swore allegiance to the Hammadid prince El Nacer ibn Alennas, who was based in Béjaïa, in 1059. Also to the north is the long Avenue Mohamed V, which leads to the Boulevard of 7 November through the neighborhood of the big banks where there are hotels and Abu Nawas Lake and finally to the Belvedere area around the place Pasteur. Under French rule, a substantial number of Europeans settled (like the Tunisian Italians); half of the population was European in origin. The governorates as well as all cities and communes in Tunisia. Primary industry such as agriculture, however, is active in specialized agricultural areas on the suburbs, particularly in the wine and olive oil industries. Among the places of worship, they are predominantly Muslim mosques. Housed in a former home of a Hafsid scholar, the library of the Khaldounia was founded in 1896 along with the creation of the educational institution. Following these conflicts, the city finally fell into Ottoman hands in August 1574. However, it is common for temperatures to soar even as early as April with record temperatures reaching 40 °C (104 °F). In spring, rainfall declines by half. Louis himself died before the walls of the capital and the army was forced out. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) The Arab League was headquartered in Tunis from 1979 to 1990. The new building contains a reading room, conference room, laboratories, an exhibition gallery, a block of technical and administrative services, a restaurant, a parking and green space areas. Today, each district has its culture and rivalries can be strong. The Grand Prix of Tunis has re-emerged since 2000. [2][3] Some scholars claim that it originated from Tynes, which was mentioned by Diodorus Siculus and Polybius in the course of descriptions of a location resembling present-day Al-Kasbah; Tunis's old Berber village. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. La Tunisie n’est pas densément peuplée. The Palestine Liberation Organization also had its headquarters in Tunis, from 1982 to 2003. Tunis is a center of Tunisian culture. This went on for a while until one of the pilgrims realized he was upset, he went up and greeted and talked to Ibn until he entered the city. Revenues are generated by the proceeds of taxes on buildings and vacant lots, fees for the rental of municipal property, income from the operation of the public, advertising, and that the fact that the municipality has capital shares in some companies. The A1 motorway connects Tunis with Sfax to the south, and the A3 with Oued Zarga and Béja to the west, while the A4 is the link with Bizerte. It forms a natural bridge and since ancient times several major roads linking to Egypt and elsewhere in Tunisia have branched out from it.